Male infertility basically refers to a man’s inability to cause pregnancy in a fertile woman partner. Since centuries, due to lack of awareness in society, a female would always be held responsible for not having a child in the family. But gradually as masses got literate and educated, they became aware of the male fertility issues, which accounts for 40–50% of infertility in the couples.
Male infertility is commonly due to deficiencies in the semen, and semen quality, this happens due to natural causes and as well as due to other factors. Let’s see the causes, treatment and precautions to be taken in case of Male infertility.
Male Infertility Causes
Causes of male infertility vary from person to person, but some of the common causes could be;
- Low sperm count and production.
- Hormone imbalances or blockages or absence of some of the ducts in the male reproductive organ.
- Ejaculation Problems (Erection dysfunctions, Premature ejaculation)
- Complications from radiation therapy or surgery.
- Unhealthy lifestyle, too much stress and anxiety.
- Unknown causes.
Male Infertility Treatment
Male infertility can be treated successfully with some of the following male fertility treatments;
- IVF (In vitro Fertilization).
- IUI / Artificial Insemination.
- ICSI (Intra Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection).
- Medication for sperm production and to heal an infection if any.
- Hormone intake to improve the hormonal imbalance in the body.
Male Infertility Precautions
Male Infertility can be avoided if you take the following precautions;
- Exercise moderately
- Avoid cigarette smoking, excess alcohol consumption, marijuana or other such drugs.
- Consult the doctor before taking certain medications, such as select antibiotics, anti-hypertensives, steroids, etc.
- Avoid high temperatures like frequent hot tub baths and saunas and limit the intake of caffeine.
- Follow good hygiene and health practices.
- Avoid exposure to radiation and toxic substances.
There are several male fertility tests available today to assess your fertility, they are;
- Semen analysis
- Blood Test
- Physical Examination of the male reproductive organ (penis, scrotum, and prostate)
Male Infertility is completely curable under proper medical guidance and treatment of an IVF Specialist.