Female Infertility can be termed as the condition in which a woman is not able to conceive even after trying for 12 months. This condition can be categorized in two situations such as in the first situation a woman initially gave birth to a child and unable to conceive the second time and in second situation woman has never been able to conceive due to infertility issues. Being infertile does not mean that the woman can never conceive. Fertility treatment can cure infertility issues in females.
Irregular periods and menstrual problems are conditions that interrupt the normal menstrual cycle in women, which plays a key role in female fertility. A woman’s menstrual cycle determines how her body prepares for possible pregnancy after ovulation, which is the monthly process to release the mature egg. During the cycle, hormonal changes regulate the release of the egg from the ovary and prepare the uterine lining for receiving a possible fertilized egg i.e. embryo for a pregnancy. Thus if this cycle is disturbed, a woman may face problems in conceiving thus ultimately leading to infertility issues.
Effect of Age
There is a drastic effect of age on a woman who is trying to conceive. It is said that the woman has the best chances to conceive if she is below 35 years of age. Studies show that the older the woman, the lower the chances to conceive and get pregnant. In addition, as the age increases there are also increased chances of pregnancy complications such as pregnancy-induced or gestational diabetes, low lying placenta, premature birth and etc.
Studies show that around 180 million women are affected due to Endometriosis worldwide. Endometriosis is a disease where a tissue, which is similar to the tissue that lines the uterus, can be found throughout the pelvis. Endometriosis is usually considered as a reproductive problem in women and while endometriosis can impact the ovaries, uterus and fallopian tubes, it can also be found on the bowels, bladder, appendix as well as other organs in humans. Some of the common symptoms of endometriosis are discomfort painful intercourse, infertility, pain or other abnormalities with urination or bowel movements around the time of menses break through bleeding between menses, and fatigue.
Fibroids and Infertility are interlinked to each other. Usually fibroids are small in size, however, when the fibroids grow large and located on the inside of the uterus, they can lead to fertility issues & miscarriages. Fibroids can be determined by following symptoms like they usually cause heavy menstrual bleeding that can lead to anemia and tiredness in some women. And other is pressure in the pelvic area. This pressure can be mild, or at times severe. This pressure can cause constipation, abdominal pain, and pains in the back. Fibroids needs surgery to be removed and can be treated under proper medical guidance.
Blocked Fallopian Tubes
Fallopian tube blockage in one of the common reasons of female infertility. The fallopian tubes are basically two thin tubes, one on each side of the uterus, which takes the mature egg from the ovaries to the uterus. They are like a pair of small tubes that link the ovaries to the uterus, and also called uterine tubes. Fallopian tubes can become blocked due to several reasons such as inflammation, infections, scarring, and adhesions. Another reason behind fallopian tube blockage is hydrosalpinx. A hydrosalpinx takes place when the fluid accumulates in them. Blocked tubes can be opened up using medication and in some cases, laparoscopic surgery would help treat blocked fallopian tube.